Glossary

Authorised organisation

Recognised organisation authorised to test and certify medium use gloves (for medium risk) and complex use gloves (for risk of death or irreversible injury).  Only a recognised organisation can award the CE mark which is essential for the sale of these categories of gloves in the European Union.  Each authorised organisation possesses its own identification number.  For all the category III gloves (protection against levels of risk of death or irreversible injury to health), this identification number must appear on the certified gloves next to the CE mark.  The name and address of the recognised organisation must also appear on the instructions for use which accompany the gloves.


book pictogram

Book pictogram : refers the user to the manufacturer's information leaflet (required by the revised EN 420)

Liens Cours
course 2 : the gloves - 5: The comfortable glove
course 2 : the gloves - 7: Level of protection according to the category of risk

book pictogram

CE mark

The CE mark indicates that a product conforms to the fixed levels of protection and that all the procedures relating to the product for the evaluation of its conformity have been carried out.  The CE mark must be affixed to the product in a clearly visible manner (or on the packaging if there is no suitable place or if the product might be damaged by marking it) and must be durable.  For EPIs of risk category III, the four-digit number of the organisation responsible for continuous quality checking must be added, e.g. "CE 0493" means that the EPI has undergone tests conforming to the European standard conducted by Centexbel, centre for research and certification, whose certification number this is.

CE mark

CEN

European Committee for Standardization

The European Committee for Standardisation, whose headquarters is in Brussels, was set up in 1961 to harmonise European standards.

Liens Cours
course 2 : the gloves - 4: The protective gloves : dexterity
course 2 : the gloves - 5: The comfortable glove


contact


convection


degradation

Change in the physical properties of a glove (swelling, hardening, cracking ...) following contact with a chemical substance 

Liens Cours
course 2 : the gloves - 20: Resistance of the protective gloves to penetration and permeation by noxious substances


dexterity

To measure dexterity, the European standard EN420 refers to the smallest diameter of a pin which can be picked up with the gloved hand 3 times in 30 seconds

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course 2 : the gloves - 26: translation missing: en.cours_2.slide_26.title


EN

European standard

The standards established by the European Committee for Standardisation (CEN) are identifiable by the prefix EN. They set out essential requirements which must compulsorily be satisfied for the products to be put on the European market. They are awarded by the national organisations of European standards on payment of a fee.

Liens Cours
course 2 : the gloves - 4: The protective gloves : dexterity
course 2 : the gloves - 5: The comfortable glove
course 2 : the gloves - 7: Level of protection according to the category of risk


EN 1082

European standard 1082

European standard which defines the resistance of gloves and of arm protectors to impact cuts (injuries caused by hand-held knives)

Liens Cours
course 2 : the gloves - 6: The protecting glove
course 2 : the gloves - 8: European Standard (EN) and their pictograms
course 2 : the gloves - 17: Noxious substances are very varied and widespread

EN 1082

EN 1149-5

European standard 1149-5

European standard which defines the performance requirements for antistatic clothing.  This standard is applied to protective gloves which reduce the risk of sparks.  This standard does not apply to protection against contact with electrical circuits (EN 60903)

Liens Cours
course 2 : the gloves - 3: The protective gloves : protective surface
course 2 : the gloves - 4: The protective gloves : dexterity

EN 1149-5

EN 12477

European standard 12477

European standard which specifies the requirements and the test methods applicable to protective gloves used for the soldering and manual cutting of metals, and similar techniques 

Liens Cours
course 2 : the gloves - 6: The protecting glove
course 2 : the gloves - 11: Mechanical resistance: standard EN 388
course 2 : the gloves - 17: Noxious substances are very varied and widespread


EN 13594

European standard 13594

European standard which specifies the requirements and the test methods applicable to protective gloves for professional motorcyclists

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course 2 : the gloves - 4: The protective gloves : dexterity
course 2 : the gloves - 5: The comfortable glove
course 2 : the gloves - 6: The protecting glove

EN 13594

EN 13998

European standard 13998

European standard which specifies the requirements and the test methods applicable to aprons, trousers, protective jackets and other clothing worn when using hand-held knives

Liens Cours
course 2 : the gloves - 4: The protective gloves : dexterity


EN 14328

European standard 14328

European standard which specifies the requirements, the test methods and the instructions for use applicable to gloves and arm protectors protecting against cuts by electric knives

Liens Cours
course 2 : the gloves - 6: The protecting glove
course 2 : the gloves - 25: Sizes of the protective gloves


EN 16350

European standard 16350

 European standard which defines performance requirements for antistatic gloves (ESD)

Liens Cours
course 2 : the gloves - 4: The protective gloves : dexterity


EN 374

European standard 374

European standard which defines the protection criteria for gloves intended to protect against chemicals and/or micro-organisms


EN 374-1


EN 374-2


EN 374-3


EN 381-4 and 381-7

European standard 381-4 and 381-7

European standard which defines the method of testing gloves designed to protect users of chain saws.

Liens Cours
course 2 : the gloves - 4: The protective gloves : dexterity
course 2 : the gloves - 5: The comfortable glove
course 2 : the gloves - 17: Noxious substances are very varied and widespread

EN 381-4 and 381-7

EN 388

European standard 388

European standard which defines the protection criteria for gloves intended to protect against physical and mechanical  injuries (abrasion, cuts caused by a blade, tearing, perforation)

Liens Cours
course 2 : the gloves - 4: The protective gloves : dexterity
course 2 : the gloves - 6: The protecting glove
course 2 : the gloves - 7: Level of protection according to the category of risk
course 2 : the gloves - 17: Noxious substances are very varied and widespread

EN 388

EN 407

European standard 407

European standard which defines the protection criteria for gloves intended to protect against heat and/or fire

Liens Cours
course 2 : the gloves - 4: The protective gloves : dexterity
course 2 : the gloves - 11: Mechanical resistance: standard EN 388
course 2 : the gloves - 17: Noxious substances are very varied and widespread

EN 407

EN 420

European standard 420

European standard which defines the general criteria for protective gloves. For professions exposed to particular risks (for example radioactivity, electricity, surgery), more specific standards are required to be met.

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course 2 : the gloves - 3: The protective gloves : protective surface
course 2 : the gloves - 4: The protective gloves : dexterity
course 2 : the gloves - 5: The comfortable glove
course 2 : the gloves - 28: translation missing: en.cours_2.slide_28.title


EN 421 (picto 1)

European standard 421 (picto 1)

European standard which defines the protection criteria for gloves intended to protect against radioactive contamination and ionising radiation.  The nature of the protection is indicated by a pictogramme (picto) corresponding to the gloves' specific properties.  To protect against radioactive contamination (picto 1), the glove must be impermeable and must successfully pass the penetration test defined by the standard EN 374)

Liens Cours
course 2 : the gloves - 3: The protective gloves : protective surface
course 2 : the gloves - 13: Protection against heat and / or fire : standards EN 407 and EN 659

EN 421 (picto 1)

EN 421 (picto 2)

European standard 421 (picto 2)

European standard which defines the protection criteria for gloves intended to protect against radioactive contamination and ionising radiation.  To protect against ionising radiation (picto 2), the glove must contain a certain quantity of lead or equivalent metal, designated lead equivalent.  This must be indicated on each glove.

Liens Cours
course 2 : the gloves - 3: The protective gloves : protective surface
course 2 : the gloves - 13: Protection against heat and / or fire : standards EN 407 and EN 659

EN 421 (picto 2)

EN 455


EN 511

European standard 511

European standard which defines the protection criteria for gloves intended to protect against cold (convection cold and contact cold  down to –50°C)

Liens Cours
course 2 : the gloves - 4: The protective gloves : dexterity
course 2 : the gloves - 5: The comfortable glove
course 2 : the gloves - 12: Impact cuts : standard EN 1082

EN 511

EN 60903

European standard 60903

European standard which specifies the requirements and the test methods applicable to gloves and wiring gloves intended for workers exposed to high tension electrical voltage

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course 2 : the gloves - 3: The protective gloves : protective surface
course 2 : the gloves - 4: The protective gloves : dexterity
course 2 : the gloves - 5: The comfortable glove

EN 60903

EN 659


EN ISO 10819

International standard ISO 10819

Method for measuring the transmission of vibrations through the gloves at the palm of the hand 

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course 2 : the gloves - 4: The protective gloves : dexterity
course 2 : the gloves - 5: The comfortable glove

EN ISO 10819

ESD


European Directive 89/391

directive framework on safety and health at work

European directive framework adopted in 1989 which aims to improve safety and health at work.  It guarantees minimum conditions of safety and health across Europe while authorising the member states to maintain or put in place stricter measures.                               It comprises general principles concerning the prevention of professional risks and the protection of safety and health, the elimination of factors of risk and accident, information, consultation, balanced participation conforming with legislation and/or national practices, the training of workers and their representatives, as well as general directions for the implementation of the said principles. 

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course 2 : the gloves - 3: The protective gloves : protective surface
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European directive 89/686/CEE

European directive which applies to individual protection equipment (EPI)

European directive which applies to individual protection equipment (EPI).  It sets the conditions of their marketing, of their free circulation and the essential requirements which the EPIs must fulfill in order to preserve the health and safety of the users.  The member states are required to take measures to ensure that EPIs put on the market protect the health and ensure the safety of the users, without compromising the health or the safety of other people, domestic animals or goods.

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course 2 : the gloves - 1: Why wear protective gloves ?
course 2 : the gloves - 2: A great variety of protective gloves
course 2 : the gloves - 3: The protective gloves : protective surface


fatal or disabling risks


"Glass and fork" pictogram

Pictogram which indicates compatibility with food

Regulation 1935/2004 and European Directives 82/711 and 85/572 lay down certain rules relating to materials which come into contact with food.  They aim to prevent : a) dangerous substances contained in the material of the gloves migrating into the food. b)  possible pathogenic micro-organisms on the surface of the skin contaminating the food. 

Liens Cours
course 2 : the gloves - 5: The comfortable glove
course 2 : the gloves - 14: Protection against cold : standard EN 511
course 2 : the gloves - 21: The permeation resistance to an identical product can vary according to the composition of the protective gloves

"Glass and fork" pictogram

impregnation


Interlock

The term Interlock indicates a type of knitted inner lining of a glove, stretchable and comfortable to wear.

Liens Cours
course 2 : the gloves - 15: Protection against radioactivity : standard EN 421
course 2 : the gloves - 16: Compatibility with food: „Glass and Fork“ pictogram


length of time taken for chemical penetration


Level of risk CE

3 levels of risk have been defined by the European Commission regarding the gravity of risk to health :  1) minimal risk, 2) medium risk, 3) risk of death or irreversible injury.


medium risks


micro-organisms

Living micro-organism, such as viruses and bacteria


minimal risks

Risks which do not affect the health of the user or whose effects are easily reversible.

Liens Cours
course 2 : the gloves - 3: The protective gloves : protective surface
course 2 : the gloves - 4: The protective gloves : dexterity


penetration

Describes the passage of a chemical substance through imperfections or porosity in the material of the glove or through the seams of the glove


permeation

Spread at the molecular level of a chemical substance through the chemical material of which the glove is made.  The permeation is measured by two criteria : the time taken to permeate the glove and the flow of the permeation.  The flow of permeation is sometimes more significant than the time taken.


permeation flux


PPE

Personal Protection Equipment

EPI means all equipment intended to be worn or held by the worker in order to protect him from one or more risks which may threaten his safety or health at work, as well as any additional item or accessory which serves the same purpose.

Liens Cours
course 2 : the gloves - 1: Why wear protective gloves ?
course 2 : the gloves - 2: A great variety of protective gloves
course 2 : the gloves - 3: The protective gloves : protective surface
course 2 : the gloves - 4: The protective gloves : dexterity
course 2 : the gloves - 15: Protection against radioactivity : standard EN 421


reinforced

Reinforced gloves are composed of a glove made of a fabric, often cotton, of which the fingers and the palm of the hand are covered in a polymer, generally latex, PVC or nitrile.  The fabric lining of reinforced gloves gives better protection against tears, cuts and abrasion, both in general use and in uses where resistance to chemical substances is required. 

Liens Cours
course 2 : the gloves - 15: Protection against radioactivity : standard EN 421
course 2 : the gloves - 16: Compatibility with food: „Glass and Fork“ pictogram
course 2 : the gloves - 25: Sizes of the protective gloves


risk category I

Gloves in everyday use which give protection against slight risk, such as for example thin rubber gloves intended for single use.  The manufacturers are authorised to test and certify the gloves themselves.

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course 2 : the gloves - 3: The protective gloves : protective surface
course 2 : the gloves - 4: The protective gloves : dexterity


risk category II

Medium use gloves intended to protect against medium risk, such as for example gloves for manual work which require a good resistance to cuts, to perforation and abrasion.  Manufacturers must have these gloves tested and certified by a recognised independent organisation authorised to award the CE mark which is essential for the gloves to be permitted to be marketed.

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course 2 : the gloves - 3: The protective gloves : protective surface
course 2 : the gloves - 4: The protective gloves : dexterity


risk category III

Gloves intended to protect against the highest level of risk, for example against chemicals.  They must be tested and certified by an authorised organisation.  Further, the quality control system used by the manufacturer to guarantee the homogeneity of the production or the constancy of the quality of the product must also be subject to independent checking. The organisation which carries out this evaluation will be indentified by a number which must appear next to the CE mark.

Liens Cours
course 2 : the gloves - 3: The protective gloves : protective surface
course 2 : the gloves - 4: The protective gloves : dexterity


sueded

Term which originally indicated gloves in chamois leather, supple, with a velvety surface, which absorb perspiration.  By extension, this term is used by manufacturers of protective gloves to designate gloves whose inner surface is covered with an absorbent layer which prevents direct contact of the skin with the material of the gloves.

Liens Cours
course 2 : the gloves - 1: Why wear protective gloves ?
course 2 : the gloves - 2: A great variety of protective gloves


velvet touch